COAL & COCA-COLA: Small Town USA 1949 (Short True Story w/Photos)

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The yearbook from Chicora College, an all female college previously located in Greenville. Depicts students through portraits and various aspects of campus life through literary compositions. Depicts student and campus life through photographs and various pieces. Discusses efforts made in 's to preserve local history. Letter to Miss Ebaugh about the list of people she has compiled to begin the the Historical Records Committee.

Discusses the need for greater concern in the care and preservation of historical documents, especially among local families. Invation to meeting of Greenville Historical Records Committee. Tentative Register and inventory to be presented at meeting. Invitation to initial meeting of Greenville Historical Records Committee where first progress report will be heard. Contains record of 18 different family's historical documents. Includes brief description of these documents, whether documents are open or restricted, and at what address documents are located at.

This folder contains notes on a variety of subjects from Greenville Historical Records Committee in the year Mostly contains contact names and addresses as a resource for a way to find and preserve Greenville Historical records. Contains approximately 30 pages of these lists of names. Ebaugh took notes on an article by Buckminster Fuller. Possibly for a speech or a paper. A letter from Mr. Reid to Miss Ebaugh explaining why certain information in one of her papers needed to be removed from the text and placed instead as a footnote. This is a result of the Bailey Report failing to mention the arboretum causing it to be more worthy of a footnote than textual inclusion.

A thank you letter from Mrs. Jack C. Ward to Miss Ebaug. Unclear as to what exactly she is thanking Miss Ebaugh for as letter is difficult to read because of poor copy. Letter to Miss Ebaugh in regards to Michaux land records. Also discusses Greenville Association for the Preservation of Historical Records and discusses Furman as a depository for their acquired materials. Description of what a piece of stationery contains. Whitmire Estate. Three page paper on life of Andre Michaux who was a French botanist.

Spent significant time in America and established a society in Charleston, S. Discusses history of the site and of the textile mill. Discusses life at the mill and the community. Also includes notes about physical property and a brief history of the property. A cookbook review written by Laur S. Ebaugh on the Tricentennial Cookbook. Extensive outline of Miss Ebaugh's on women's role in developing Greenville from present.

Possibly to used in a speech or paper. Outline explaining purpose of Greenville Council of Garden Clubs giving a list of projects they are undertaking. Also includes numerous names of those in leadership positions and list of affiliated Garden Clubs. Gives some information on Mr. Fuller as well as portraying not only as a scientist but also as a "Philosopher. Greenville News Article on Laura Ebaugh. Gives a brief history of her interesting life chronicling her birth in Greenville all the way to her retirement as a Furman professor.

Two Greenville News articles. The first highlights the first decline in church membership in the United States in about years. The second article relates to a religious sect in Pelham expecting the destruction of the United States. Excerpt from a sermon discussing the separation of church and state and the recent supreme court verdict mandating total separation of church and state.

Delves deeply into this issues and issues of the rightness of morality. A short essay on the conduct of a gentleman. Spanning all aspect of refined life from methods of discussion and conversation to basic manners.

The Smell of Capitalism In The Air

Review decided that outdate rules should be revised. Various articles taken from Life Magazine. They cover astronaut reports from Gemini 6 and 7, Norman Thomas, and riots at Berkely. Thank you note from John Pinckney to Miss Ebaugh as well as a congratulations on her retirement from Furman. Includes an explanation of what will happen at the reuinon and few other miscellaneous odds and ends. Letter from Greenville County Historical Society to all those who assisted in making their pageant a success.

A letter to Miss Janelle Henderson acknowledging her application for membership to the Greenville County Historical Society and welcoming her as a member of the society. A thank you letter to Miss Ebaugh from a local chapter of the Future Teachers of America thanking Miss Ebaugh for allowing their chapter to use her name as the one their chapter would be named after.

Letter thanking Miss Ebaugh for placing flowers in the Tabernacle Baptist Church in memory of their sainted sister, Mrs. Bell Woody. Thank you letter to Mrs. Eugene Stone thanking her for the use of a painting of Caesar's Head. Gives description of how it was used and explains that Miss Ebaugh had her picture taken per Mrs. Stone's request. Letter from G. Randal Hitchcock to B. Whitmire about the Governor Joseph Alston House.

Gives a chronology of the house and of its ownership over the years up until the current owner of the land. A radio address which has been typed into a pamphlet. The address was based on a study by Greenville High School Sociology classes. The study judged how good of a community Greenville based on various different criteria.

A First Presbyterian Church worship scehdule for the day and the rest of the schedule for the week. Also includes some pieces of news and letters from parishoners. YWCA annual report. Includes different statistics about membership and activities as well a brief financial report. Cover of a program for the dedication of a chapel. Also a number of hymns associated with this chapel.

Invitation to Miss Ebaugh inviting her to an address on the medical history of South Carolina as well as reception in honor of Joseph Waring. Extensive notes on Alston Place. Chronicling its history and ownership over the years. Also has information on members of the Alston family as well as drawings of the Alston House and property. Yearbook from the Fortnightly Book Club. Includes officers, hostesses, program guides, and a list of the members in that year. Includes programs the University of North Carolina, the University of Miami, and Duke Univestiy have to help "enrich" their respective libraries.

Seems to be setting up a basis for some type of similar program at Furman's library. Notes on a Greenville County historical tour. Contains a few maps and numerous lists of historic sites going in certain directions. Lists include historic sites on route 13 going north, historic sites going east on to Batesville, lower Greenville County Tour and a County Tour Legend. Four different newspaper articles about Historical Inquiries in the late 60's in the Greenville area. Articles pertain to the Colonel Robert L.

Article discussing Greenville Historical Society exhibit chronicling historic through an assortment of collected photos. Article pertaining to the termination of the Greenville County Historical Records Committee so that it may transfer its capacity into the Greenville County Historical Society. Talks about expansion of the organization into a more broadly encompassing program like that of other cities include a photo collection and a reference shelf. Article announcing final meeting of the year for the Greenville Historical Society.

Noted that GCHS is one of few national societies that records and distributes there proceedings. Letter to Miss Ebaugh about meeting discussing Greenville County Historical Society matters that have recently come up. Letter to Miss Ebaugh thanking her for her confidence in electing him Mr. Also informs Miss Ebaugh she will be called upon to adivse the President of the society at times. Letter from Charles Gower enclosing check of Mr. Letter from Marion M.

Hewell to members of the Greenville County Historical Society in regards to a plaque honoring the first settlement of Greenville by Richard Pearis. Invites all members of Society to ceremony and explains brief presentation Miss Whitmire will make on Richard Pearis. Explains purpose of this meeting as plannig session for annual open meeting of the Society. Informs Miss Ebaugh of her appointment to nominating committee and icludes by-laws with those officers to be elected for the upcoming year.

Letter to members announcing annual meeting of Greenville County Historical Society. Also mentions nominating committee will be announcing nominations for officers in the upcoming year and gives information on the Exhibits Committee display of Confederate materials with attachment. Glenn Tucker prior to his lecture to the Society. Glenn Tucker. Letter to officers and directors of Greenville County Historical Society in regards to preparations for the Society's final meeting of the year. Letter to members of the Greenville County Historical Society informing them of an open meeting to be held.

Two papers said to presented at meeting. One by Charles T. Daniel called, "The Swamp Rabbit. Letter to board of directors of Greenville County Historical Society announcing next board of directors meeting. Deemed especially important because predates annual Society business meeting by one week. Announment of fall meeting of Greenville County Historical Society.

Speaker is Mrs. Ollin J. Outline of Greenville County Historical Society's long term program to arouse interest in preserving local history. Highlights organization of expansion of Greenville County Historical Society as key points of interest. List of other Greenville Historical Society charter members members who are not officers or directors.

Contains local collections pertaining to useful historical resources and whether these collections are open or closed to outside use. Map of Greater Greenville area with markings denoting places of historical significance. AAUW Journal from with headline articles on added role for women engineers, the need for aid to education, education beyond high school, Blanche Hinman Dow, and Implementation Committee for Policy Statements.

Letter to Miss Ebaugh regarding meeting to plan the S. Report discussing the topics regional branches of the AAUW wished to research. Nine chose to research the American Family, while the others chose race relations and poverty. Stresses Community Problems Area Represetative's responsibility to keep "abreast of the activities" important to the community. Gives program schedule. Also includes to organizational sheets depicting the flow of leadership.

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Sets out ground rules for the year as well as outline the topics in Asian and Indian History which will be discussed and researched by the AAUW. Four pages of bibliographic information on a host of books related to the fields of Political Science. The emerging issues which could possibly be topics of discussion and research for different branches of the AAUW. As well as some Miss Ebaugh's personal notes on some of these issues. Expressed that this elevator requested with all possible speed. A series of letters between J. Involves discussion over lost correspondences and changes in specifications.

Furman University Magazine from Spring Discusses the inaugurations of Dr.

This Too Is Andy Warhol

Visit was part of model UN conference that Furman was holding. Magazine chronicling education in Southern Baptist institutions. Includes article from former Furman chemistry professor John Sampey. A memo to the Furman University Sociology Department regarding alterations in requirements and curriculum and how this would affect those already majoring in sociology. Letter from Miss Ebaugh to Dr. Vanfossen, Mrs. Vanfossen, and Dr. Williams notifying them what documents and materials she left with the Furman University Library that might be of use to them.

Letter to Miss Ebaugh from Gordon Blackwell inviting her to ceremonies and events involved with Raven McDavid and the honorary degree he would be receiving from Furman University. An auto-biography of Laura Ebaugh. Includes her educational background, work experience, her assessment of her teaching skill, and a list of her vast and varied extra-curricular activities.

A pamphlet explaining what Special Collections at Furman University is and what they do. Includes what Special Collections is, what they do, how they care for their documents, and what exactly they have in their collections. This edition of the Newsletter is dedicated to the Pendleton Fair. Discusses opening of Ashtabula for visitors every Sunday. Discusses fund raising efforts for Woodburn. Discusses restoration on Woodburn and Ashtabula.

Mentions Woodburn as old Charles Pinckney Estate. Discusses successful picnic at Woodburn. Discusses continuing restoration of Woodburn. Also notes Duke Power gave the Foundation money for log structures to be moved. Foundation also received the historic Benson House. Greenville News article covering the opening of a number of historic houses and churches in Pendleton which are part of tour to be given.

Article gives names and short historic descriptions of buildings that are to be a part of the tour. A Newsletter pertaining to bicentennial activities being prepared in the Pendleton District. Gives sites on the Path and brief history of the path and some of its highlights. A booklet highlighting historical sites in the Pendleton Area. Includes both houses and landmarks as well as brief histories. Booklet including a brief history of the Pendleton Area as well as a listing and description of historic sites in the Pendleton Area.

A booklet containing the history of John C. Calhoun and the Calhoun family. Also includes information about the John C. Calhoun estate, Fort Hill, as well many of the artifacts which can be found within Fort Hill.

Readers’ Turn: The Inventions That Mattered Most

A booklet containing a portrait of Vardry McBee. Includes his history from his days raising limestone as a child to his role as the father of Greenville. Greenville News article highlighting the growing prominence of Greenville as a cultural center in the South.

Mentions local symphonies and theaters and the successes of local universities in promoting the arts. Article highlighting Governor Robert McNair's speech highlighting the economic and cultural importance of history. Article centered around South Carolina's history and its celebration of its tricentennial. Article discussing low-country plantations and how they are owned and operated.

Describes how recent visitors to these plantations wish for museums to better understand these pieces of South Carolina history. Article announcing the discovery of the ruins of the Francis Marion Home in Georgetown as well as the former site of Dr. Article explains that Morton thinks he will win and parkway will be built along low road. Greenville News article where Henry B. Specifically the article discusses the role of Camp Wetherhill. Greenville News article talking about a ceremony to honor Greenville County secession signers. Article chronicling historic home of Greenville homes built prior to Civil War, as well as spoon exhibit to take place.

Both these hosed by Colonial Dames. Article highlighting changes in prison policy under Ellis C. McDougal as State Prison continues growing. Article chronicling ceremonies and events leading up to secession in Abbeville. Discusses speeches sending off soldiers to war. Article chronicling Joel Poinsett and the eventual naming of the Christmas flower poinsettia after him. Discusses his career as ambassador to Mexico and as an avid agriculturalist and gardener as well as his involvement in the building of roads and highways around Greenville.

Front page of Greenville Daily News from Article describing the variety of authors in Greenville. Explains while they may not produce great works they are producing a lot of work and some well known work. Article discussing the new avenues that have been opened as Gassaway Mansion became the Modern Museum of Art. Avenues to children's art, photography, and film were all discussed. Article discussing Greenville Historic landmarks that help preserve Greenville History.

Article discussing the movement of Confederate War Monument from Main street and the controversy it caused in the 's. Controversy actually appeared in court as Confederate Veterans protested The City of Greenville's decision to move the Statue based on traffic concerns. Ended up in the city winning in court and the statue was moved. Article discussing archeological work that has been done along Keowee River near the Nimmons Bridge.

Area planned to be flooded over as Duke Power Dams it next spring which will be a major archeological loss as far as possible lower Cherokee Artifacts and even prehistoric artifacts that are thought to be buried in this area. Article discussing Greenville resident Romayne Barnes. Gives short history of his life and sheds to light his great interest and knowledge as a Civil War buff. Article discussing historical photographer who is going to photograph and copy all kinds of historical Greenville Documents as part of national archival program for the Genealogical Association of the Church of Jesus Christ Latter Day Saints.

Article discussing local legend in the naming of local regions and thoroughfares in Greenville. Article discussing Greenville's attempt to eradicate multiple streets having the same name by the Zoning and Planning Commission. Article discussing the unique local plant shortia, or Oconee Bells. Clemson biologists don't see any serious harm being done to the flower as a result of the project. The plant is unique in that it is one of the few remaining remnants of the tertiary period.

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Article discussing the smooth transition into black and white equality in Greenville. Discusses a few early flare-ups but mentions that the transition has progressed smoothly aside from these initial incidents. Article explaining how various streets in Greenville were named. Article discussing the prominence of the Poinsett name in Greenville. Also discusses the life and works of Joel R. Article discussing the various monuments, memorials, and buildings named in honor different confederate heroes from South Carolina.

Names include Wade-Hampton, Elford, Gilreath, and a host of others. Caption explaining picture of 6 women displaying dresses from Mrs. Samuel Prioleau Ravenel dating from the 's. Discussion of how British china and earthenware factories and centers are becoming a more regular tourist stop for Americans. Various historic and museum related news from Richmond Virginia. Including information on restored houses and the historic zone. Last article in a series on a plane tour of Africa. Contains information on Egypt in as well as a history of Egypt. An almost poetic passage on the promise of spring.

Uses visual and sensory description in describing different aspects of budding spring in South Carolina. Brings forth the concept that the appalachian people of West Virginia have an entirely different set of core values than more urbanized people mainly the fact that they are less adherent to material mores. An article reviewing a presentation made by Elmer Don Herd Jr. Presentation included a color slide show of local historic places.

A newsletter explaining the Sandlapper Project. It is described as a project aimed providing a more active approach to South Carolina history for school children. Includes student reviews of the Sandlapper kits. A guide produced by Stanford University professor to direct students in using the proper format for Term and Research Papers.

Publication highlighting different historical events in South Carolina. Highlights include the A. Merit Awards as well as Nature Trails in S. Discusses an exhibition of Historic Columbia. News letter providing a news service for local history organizations in South Carolina. Discusses new officers, new members, upcoming events, and various books and papers for sale. Newspaper chronicling different issues and events surrounding historic preservation in the United States in February of A newsletters containing various pieces of information regarding the bicentennial in South Carolina.

A small booklet containing the history of St. Helena's Church in Beaufort, South Carolina from until the time of the booklet's publication. A program of Christ Episcopal Church from Also includes a chronological history of Christ Church episcopal in Greenville, S. A record of the ceremonies of the unveiling, presentation, and the painting of General Johnson Hagoods home as presented at the Citadel Museum.

A booklet with information explaining the services provided by the Greenville County library. Also explains advances and additions that the library is making. The YWCA pocket primer. Explains briefly the history of the YWCA and its goals. Also explains its organization as well some of the types of projects it is involved with. Explains about membership, organization, grants, awards, classes, and publications. A short tour guide of different historical high points throughout South Carolina. Includes brief historical background on some of the thirty sites listed.

Short pamphlet explaining the Greenville Woman's Club and the heritage of its location. And Marilyn, probable American suicide at I disagree. But Warhol was political in other ways. And not only as a swish gay man who openly used amphetamines and celebrated queer sex and sexuality. Warhol may have voted only once, but he noticed things and then painted what he noticed. He noticed with a vengeance and never stopped at just noticing. He also painted among the greatest so-called protest paintings ever made. It is an ugly picture of Nixon with a yellow mouth, blue jowls, green upper face — a president as a Goya-like gargoyle.

He was audited thereafter until he died. An example of Warhol noticing and painting what he noticed is Mustard Race Riot, a powerful almost-gold silk-screen showing police with dogs beating black protesters. Another kind of flag painting. This masterpiece was filmed starting at 6 p. Warhol framed the shot. Filmmaker Jonas Mekas and assistant Gerard Malanga changed the film rolls every 30 minutes.

The crew stopped filming around 1 a. The first two rolls are overexposed because Andy set the exposure wrong. The lights come on and the stars come out and it sways. This is one of the last works Warhol completed before Monday, June 3, It is a jarring, chilling hard-to-read image, almost abstract, masterful, optically complicated, emotionally alienating, a cipher, a constellation unto itself, malevolent, flaglike. Nothing was the same for Warhol afterward. That June day began like most other days for Warhol. At p. Dallesandro claimed to Alec Baldwin that it was also his first official day working at the Factory.

His boyfriend, Jed Johnson, was walking up to the door at the same time. They got into the elevator and were joined by Warhol hanger-on Valerie Solanas who had appeared in his films Bikeboy and I, a Man. The three rode up in the elevator. Warhol noticed that she was wearing a heavy coat in this hot weather and was tightly clutching a paper bag. Inside, studio manager Fred Hughes was at his desk. Also there was curator Mario Amaya. Johnson went into a side office. Morrissey handed off Viva to Andy, who then handed the phone off to Hughes and went in the back to the bathroom.

Just then, Solanos pulled a. She raised the gun and pointed it at Warhol who was directly in front of her. Andy fell to the floor and tried to crawl under a desk. She walked toward him, pointed the gun and fired again. Amaya ran away, but a fifth shot hit him in his flank as he did so. He crashed into the back room, where Billy Name was developing film, and with Morrissey, the three held the door so she could not get in.

Just leave. The gun jammed. Just then, the elevator doors opened. Just take it! On the floor, Warhol was dying. He was passing in and out of consciousness. It was agonizing pain. He lost consciousness. Giuseppe Rossi and a team began working on him. Amaya was in the bed next to him. He heard the doctors say that the pulse was faint. His wounds were devastating; the bullet penetrated his esophagus, liver, spleen, intestines, and — fatefully — his gallbladder. He can afford to pay for an operation.

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He revived. Police detectives searched the factory, scoffing and disapproving of all the male porn and death-and-disaster paintings. They brought Hughes and Johnson into custody as suspects. These two nights are among them. Warhol wore tight surgical binders for the rest of his life. Warhol's first portrait of Basquiat is a black photo-silkscreen over an oxidized copper "piss painting".

After many years of silkscreen, oxidation, photography, etc. Andy Warhol was commissioned in by collector and gallerist Alexander Iolas to produce work based on Leonardo da Vinci 's The Last Supper for an exhibition at the old refectory of the Palazzo delle Stelline in Milan , opposite from the Santa Maria delle Grazie where Leonardo da Vinci's mural can be seen. Artist Maurizio Cattelan describes that it is difficult to separate daily encounters from the art of Andy Warhol: "That's probably the greatest thing about Warhol: the way he penetrated and summarized our world, to the point that distinguishing between him and our everyday life is basically impossible, and in any case useless.

In the period just before his death, Warhol was working on Cars , a series of paintings for Mercedes-Benz. The piece silkscreen ink and spray paint on canvas shows Elvis Presley in a gunslinger pose. It was first exhibited in at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles. Warhol made 22 versions of the Double Elvis , nine of which are held in museums.

Warhol worked across a wide range of media—painting, photography, drawing, and sculpture. In addition, he was a highly prolific filmmaker. Between and , he made more than 60 films, [88] plus some short black-and-white " screen test " portraits of Factory visitors. The minute film Blow Job is one continuous shot of the face of DeVeren Bookwalter supposedly receiving oral sex from filmmaker Willard Maas , although the camera never tilts down to see this.

The film Eat consists of a man eating a mushroom for 45 minutes. Warhol attended the premiere of the static composition by LaMonte Young called Trio for Strings and subsequently created his famous series of static films including Kiss , Eat , and Sleep for which Young initially was commissioned to provide music. Uwe Husslein cites filmmaker Jonas Mekas , who accompanied Warhol to the Trio premiere, and who claims Warhol's static films were directly inspired by the performance. Batman Dracula is a film that was produced and directed by Warhol, without the permission of DC Comics.

It was screened only at his art exhibits. A fan of the Batman series, Warhol's movie was an "homage" to the series, and is considered the first appearance of a blatantly campy Batman. The film was until recently thought to have been lost, until scenes from the picture were shown at some length in the documentary Jack Smith and the Destruction of Atlantis.

Legendary underground artist Jack Smith appears in the film Camp. His most popular and critically successful film was Chelsea Girls The film was highly innovative in that it consisted of two 16 mm -films being projected simultaneously, with two different stories being shown in tandem. From the projection booth, the sound would be raised for one film to elucidate that "story" while it was lowered for the other.

The multiplication of images evoked Warhol's seminal silk-screen works of the early s. Warhol was a fan of filmmaker Radley Metzger 's film work [91] and commented that Metzger's film, The Lickerish Quartet , was "an outrageously kinky masterpiece". After his June 3, shooting, a reclusive Warhol relinquished his personal involvement in filmmaking. His acolyte and assistant director, Paul Morrissey , took over the film-making chores for the Factory collective, steering Warhol-branded cinema towards more mainstream, narrative-based, B-movie exploitation fare with Flesh , Trash , and Heat.

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All of these films, including the later Andy Warhol's Dracula and Andy Warhol's Frankenstein , were far more mainstream than anything Warhol as a director had attempted. These latter "Warhol" films starred Joe Dallesandro —more of a Morrissey star than a true Warhol superstar. In the early s, most of the films directed by Warhol were pulled out of circulation by Warhol and the people around him who ran his business.

After Warhol's death, the films were slowly restored by the Whitney Museum and are occasionally projected at museums and film festivals. Few of the Warhol-directed films are available on video or DVD. In the mids, Warhol adopted the band the Velvet Underground , making them a crucial element of the Exploding Plastic Inevitable multimedia performance art show. Warhol, with Paul Morrissey , acted as the band's manager, introducing them to Nico who would perform with the band at Warhol's request.

While managing The Velvet Underground , Andy would have them dressed in all black to perform in front of movies that he was also presenting. His actual participation in the album's production amounted to simply paying for the studio time. After the band's first album, Warhol and band leader Lou Reed started to disagree more about the direction the band should take, and their artistic friendship ended.

Warhol designed many album covers for various artists starting with the photographic cover of John Wallowitch 's debut album, This Is John Wallowitch!!! One of Warhol's last works was a portrait of Aretha Franklin for the cover of her gold album Aretha , which was done in the style of the Reigning Queens series he had completed the year before. Bowie recorded a song called " Andy Warhol " for his album Hunky Dory. He recorded it with the Velvet Underground, and this version was released on the VU album in Bowie would later play Warhol in the movie, Basquiat. Bowie recalled how meeting Warhol in real life helped him in the role, and recounted his early meetings with him:.

I met him a couple of times, but we seldom shared more than platitudes. The first time we saw each other an awkward silence fell till he remarked my bright yellow shoes and started talking enthusiastically. He wanted to be very superficial. And seemingly emotionless, indifferent, just like a dead fish. Lou Reed described him most profoundly when he once told me they should bring a doll of Andy on the market: a doll that you wind up and doesn't do anything.

But I managed to observe him well, and that was a helping hand for the film [ Basquiat Even the pockets weren't emptied: they contained pancake, white, deadly pale fond de teint which Andy always smeared on his face, a check torn in pieces, someone's address, lots of homeopathic pills and a wig. Andy always wore those silver wigs, but he never admitted it were wigs. One of his hairdressers has told me lately that he had his wigs regularly cut, like it were real hair.

When the wig was trimmed, he put on another next month as if his hair had grown. The first of several bound self-published books by Warhol was 25 Cats Name Sam and One Blue Pussy , printed in by Seymour Berlin on Arches brand watermarked paper using his blotted line technique for the lithographs. The original edition was limited to numbered, hand colored copies, using Dr. Martin's ink washes. Most of these were given by Warhol as gifts to clients and friends. Copy No. Warhol's book A La Recherche du Shoe Perdu marked his "transition from commercial to gallery artist". Warhol created the fashion magazine Interview that is still published today.

The loopy title script on the cover is thought to be either his own handwriting or that of his mother, Julia Warhola, who would often do text work for his early commercial pieces. Although Andy Warhol is most known for his paintings and films, he authored works in many different media. He founded the gossip magazine Interview , a stage for celebrities he "endorsed" and a business staffed by his friends. He collaborated with others on all of his books some of which were written with Pat Hackett.

He adopted the young painter Jean-Michel Basquiat , and the band The Velvet Underground , presenting them to the public as his latest interest, and collaborating with them. One might even say that he produced people as in the Warholian "Superstar" and the Warholian portrait. He endorsed products, appeared in commercials, and made frequent celebrity guest appearances on television shows and in films he appeared in everything from Love Boat [] to Saturday Night Live [] and the Richard Pryor movie Dynamite Chicken [].

Warhol was homosexual. Biographer Bob Colacello , who was present at the interview, felt it was probably true and that what little sex he had was probably "a mixture of voyeurism and masturbation —to use [Andy's] word abstract ". What seduced me was the Andy Warhol who I saw alone. In fact when I was with him in public he kind of got on my nerves I'd say: 'You're just obnoxious, I can't bear you. It permeated everything. Andy exuded it, along with his great artistic creativity It brought a joy to the whole art world in New York. His boyfriend of 12 years was Jed Johnson , whom he met in , and who later achieved fame as an interior designer. The fact that Warhol's homosexuality influenced his work and shaped his relationship to the art world is a major subject of scholarship on the artist and is an issue that Warhol himself addressed in interviews, in conversation with his contemporaries, and in his publications e.

Throughout his career, Warhol produced erotic photography and drawings of male nudes. Many of his most famous works portraits of Liza Minnelli , Judy Garland , and Elizabeth Taylor , and films such as Blow Job , My Hustler and Lonesome Cowboys draw from gay underground culture or openly explore the complexity of sexuality and desire. As has been addressed by a range of scholars, many of his films premiered in gay porn theaters, including the New Andy Warhol Garrick Theatre and 55th Street Playhouse, in the late s. The first works that Warhol submitted to a fine art gallery, homoerotic drawings of male nudes, were rejected for being too openly gay.

De Antonio explained that Warhol was "too swish and that upsets them. It was all too true. So I decided I just wasn't going to care, because those were all the things that I didn't want to change anyway, that I didn't think I 'should' want to change Other people could change their attitudes but not me". Some have suggested that his frequent refusal to comment on his work, to speak about himself confining himself in interviews to responses like "Um, no" and "Um, yes", and often allowing others to speak for him —and even the evolution of his pop style—can be traced to the years when Warhol was first dismissed by the inner circles of the New York art world.

Warhol was a practicing Ruthenian Catholic. He regularly volunteered at homeless shelters in New York City, particularly during the busier times of the year, and described himself as a religious person. In addition, a body of religious-themed works was found posthumously in his estate. During his life, Warhol regularly attended Liturgy , and the priest at Warhol's church, Saint Vincent Ferrer , said that the artist went there almost daily, [] although he was not observed taking Communion or going to Confession and sat or knelt in the pews at the back.

His art is noticeably influenced by the Eastern Christian tradition which was so evident in his places of worship. Warhol's brother has described the artist as "really religious, but he didn't want people to know about that because [it was] private". Despite the private nature of his faith, in Warhol's eulogy John Richardson depicted it as devout: "To my certain knowledge, he was responsible for at least one conversion.

He took considerable pride in financing his nephew's studies for the priesthood". Warhol was an avid collector. His friends referred to his numerous collections, which filled not only his four-story townhouse , but also a nearby storage unit, as "Andy's Stuff. Warhol's collections included a Coca-Cola memorabilia sign, and 19th century paintings [] along with airplane menus, unpaid invoices, pizza dough, pornographic pulp novels, newspapers, stamps, supermarket flyers, and cookie jars, among other eccentricities.

It also included significant works of art, such as George Bellows 's Miss Bentham. Warhol owned more than 40 and felt very protective of his hairpieces, which were sewn by a New York wig-maker from hair imported from Italy. In a girl snatched Warhol's wig off his head. It was later discovered in Warhol's diary entry for that day that he wrote: "I don't know what held me back from pushing her over the balcony.

Another item found in Warhol's boxes at the museum in Pittsburgh was a mummified human foot from Ancient Egypt. The curator of anthropology at Carnegie Museum of Natural History felt that Warhol most likely found it at a flea market. According to news reports, he had been making a good recovery from gallbladder surgery at New York Hospital before dying in his sleep from a sudden post-operative irregular heartbeat. Shortly before Warhol's death, doctors expected Warhol to survive the surgery, though a revaluation of the case about thirty years after his death showed many indications that Warhol's surgery was in fact riskier than originally thought.

Warhol's brothers took his body back to Pittsburgh, where an open-coffin wake was held at the Thomas P. Kunsak Funeral Home. The solid bronze casket had gold-plated rails and white upholstery. Warhol was dressed in a black cashmere suit, a paisley tie, a platinum wig, and sunglasses. He was laid out holding a small prayer book and a red rose. The eulogy was given by Monsignor Peter Tay. Yoko Ono and John Richardson were speakers.

The coffin was covered with white roses and asparagus ferns. After the liturgy , the coffin was driven to St. At the grave, the priest said a brief prayer and sprinkled holy water on the casket. Before the coffin was lowered, Paige Powell dropped a copy of Interview magazine, an Interview T-shirt, and a bottle of the Estee Lauder perfume "Beautiful" into the grave. Warhol was buried next to his mother and father.

Our Country, Our People, Our Stories

A memorial service was held in Manhattan for Warhol on April 1, , at St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York. Warhol's will dictated that his entire estate—with the exception of a few modest legacies to family members—would go to create a foundation dedicated to the "advancement of the visual arts". The foundation serves as the estate of Andy Warhol, but also has a mission "to foster innovative artistic expression and the creative process" and is "focused primarily on supporting work of a challenging and often experimental nature. The Artists Rights Society is the U.

All digital images of Warhol are exclusively managed by Corbis , while all transparency images of Warhol are managed by Art Resource. I, —; Vol. III, Legacy Program. The foundation donated more than 3, works of art to the museum. Warhol appeared as himself in the film Cocaine Cowboys [] and in the film Tootsie Warhol appears as a character in Michael Daugherty 's opera Jackie O Many films by avant-garde cineast Jonas Mekas have caught the moments of Warhol's life. Sean Gregory Sullivan depicted Warhol in the film 54 In the movie Highway to Hell a group of Andy Warhols are part of the Good Intentions Paving Company where good-intentioned souls are ground into pavement.

Agent W is desperate to end his undercover job "I'm so out of ideas I'm painting soup cans and bananas, for Christ sakes! I can't listen to sitar music anymore. The character is portrayed as having robot-like mannerisms. In , the U. Postal Service issued an cent stamp commemorating Warhol. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the song by David Bowie, see Andy Warhol song. American artist. Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania , U.

New York City , U. Main article: Andy Warhol filmography. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: The Factory. Portrait of Mao Zedong , , synthetic polymer paint and silkscreen ink on canvas. Portraits of R.

10 Interesting Facts About Coca Cola That You Didn't Know

Gorman , —79, paintings in acrylic and silkscreen ink on canvas. Here his collaborators recall the places, the times and the man". The New York Times. Retrieved November 13, Boing Boing. He had this magical energy and looked like nobody else. New York Daily News. November 13, The Economist.